July 11th is celebrated as world population day; it is to raise awareness about the population issues which are prevailing among them. In 1989, this day was first celebrated by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme.
The world population of 7 billion is a big challenge for sustainability, urbanization and access to health services nowadays. Pakistan is also facing the problems of over population. It is occur when population of any specific area is too large to be supported by the available resources. High population rate is a big hindrance in various developing programs in Pakistan. Early marriages, illiteracy, religious believes, custom and traditions, strong desires for sons and avoiding of family planning measures are the root causes of increase in population.
Rapid population growth causes social and economical problem such as housing, education, water, power, transport etc. Low living standards, food shortage and environmental problems are the most important issues at this time. Generally, the problem is not population growth in itself; it is a mismanagement of natural resources and waste that cause the majority of the problems.
In this year, World population day aims to focuses on the theme of “Universal Access to Reproductive Health Services.” Reproductive health problems remain the leading cause of ill health and death for women of childbearing age worldwide. Approximately 222 million women in the developing world want to avoid/plan pregnancies, but lack modern contraceptives. This is often because safe, affordable and accessible methods of family planning are simply unavailable to them. An estimated 19 million unsafe abortions take place each year in developing countries. Every year, an estimated 47,000 women die as a result of unsafe abortions and millions more suffer complication.
On this day, National Academy of Young Scientists (NAYS) Pakistan and Pakistan Science foundation feel their immense duty to call attention to this global issue of increasing population growth and reproductive health services. This issue should be addressed properly, or else it will found to be a root of a lot of problems around the world.
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