Apr 25
2020

World Malaria Day (April 25, 2020)

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World Malaria Day is celebrated on 25th April every year all over the world. This day is celebrated to spread education, awareness and understanding about malaria. World malaria day was established in 2007 by the 60th session of world Health Working committee of WHO. Every year the day is celebrated with a theme, this year’s theme is “Zero Malaria Starts With Me”.

Malaria is consistently one of the deadliest being eradicated in many parts of the entire world. It impacts half of the global population but the good part is that it is both preventable and treatable. Indeed, this year, even as we fight COVID-19, a heightened push for malaria prevention is crucial.

About Malaria

Malaria is a mosquito-borne parasitic disease. It is one of the most dangerous disease in the world. According to the statistics, more than 1,100 people die every day from malaria, the majority of them are children under the age of 5.

Prevalence

The malaria disease is most prevalent in tropical regions and humid climates, mostly sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and Latin America.  High temperatures and rainfall that leaves standing bodies of water create an environment favourable to mosquito breeding.

Causes

Malaria is caused due to bite of a vector-borne female anopheles mosquito. There are five parasitic species: P.vivax, P. falciparum, P.ovulae, P.malarie, P. knowlesi in humans.

Targets

Malaria can occur to any human being with an infection of parasite

  • Children below 5 years of age
  • Pregnant women
  • To an adult individuals
  • patients with HIV/AIDS
  • non-immune migrants are at high risk

Life cycle of malaria

Malaria is spread through the smallest of hosts, like mosquitoes. Malaria is transmitted through mosquito bites when mosquito bites any person then mosquito’s saliva enter into a person’s bloodstream. After that within a week or two weeks, an infection becomes very noticeable.

Diagnosis

Malaria is mild to fatal disease hence, early diagnosis is as important as starting of required accurate treatment against these parasites.The diagnosis is completed in accordance to the symptoms of the disease.

Symptoms

Common symptoms for infection of Malaria:

  • headache
  • vomiting
  • high fever
  • feeling hot and shivery
  • muscle pains
  • diarrhoea
  • generally feeling unwell
  • In the most serious of cases, malaria can lead to yellow fever, coma, and even death.

Prevention and cure

Simple and effective measures to take against Malaria, to prevent from this disease on a routine basis are:

  • Insecticide net
  • Indoor spraying for residual insects
  • simple household care such as do not store water for a prolonged time, which encourages mosquito to lay their eggs into it
  • cleaning of house on a regular basis
  • camphor can be used as an insect repellent
  • According to a survey mosquito bites occur while a person is sleeping, insecticide-treated mosquito nets are a cost-effective method for protecting millions of children and their families.

Treatment

Antimalarial medications have been available for years to treat those infected with malaria disease. Traditionally, those with malaria who are properly treated can expect a full recovery. Controlling malaria requires controlling the mosquitoes that carry and transmit the parasite.

On behalf of NAYS-Pakistan, we want to have an urgent efforts and coordinated global response to prevent the spread of this devastating disease. Our aim is to encourage governments, academic institutions, philanthropies, and others to prioritise research, mobilise resources, and empower communities affected by malaria. It is our duty to activate our own network, calling on organisations and world leaders to maintain their focus on stopping the spread of malaria, even during this global pandemic.

For further reading;

https://www.who.int/news-room/campaigns/world-malaria-day/world-malaria-day-2020

https://www.malarianomore.org.uk/what-we-do/get-fundraising

https://www.awarenessdays.com/awareness-days-calendar/world-malaria-day-2020/

Article: Ms. Sundeela Fayyaz

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